2015年抚顺市中考英语试题及答案

 时间:2016-03-22 19:21:00 贡献者:196808181818yf

导读:2015 年抚顺市初中毕业生学业考试英 语 试 卷※ 考试时间 100 分钟 试卷满分 120 分 考生注意:请在答题卡各题目规定答题区域内作答,答在本试卷上无效。第一部分 选择题 (共 50 分)Ⅰ.单

抚顺市2015年中考英语模拟题及答案(四模)
抚顺市2015年中考英语模拟题及答案(四模)

2015 年抚顺市初中毕业生学业考试英 语 试 卷※ 考试时间 100 分钟 试卷满分 120 分 考生注意:请在答题卡各题目规定答题区域内作答,答在本试卷上无效。

第一部分 选择题 (共 50 分)Ⅰ.单项选择 (共 15 分,每小题 1 分) 从各题的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。

1.The music class gives us a A. chance A. we A. if .— My friend A. visits A. look up — △ △ 2. We must learn to protect △ △ to know about music from all over the world. C. cause while playing sports. C. us △ C. when D. ourselves D. since you put your heart into it. D. check B. change B. our B. unless me next month. B. was visiting △ B. look at , thanks. I’m full. B. Both △ B. less △ be John’s. His is yellow. B. mustn’t △ so sweet. C. tastes C. have △ saying goodbye. C. after D. for D. smells D. correct B. sounds △ B. forget B. without C. can’t D. can C. None C. fewer D. Either D. lower pollution in the future because of the new law. C. will visit C. look after D. visited D. look like your pet cat when you go on a trip.3. You can’t do anything successfully 4.. — Why are you so happy?5. Don’t worry. I can help you6..— Would you like some more carrots or tomatoes? A. Neither 7. I think there will be A. more — It A. must A. feels 10. If we A. make A. with8. — Whose is that red coat?9. What a beautiful song! Itthe mistakes, we will make progress step by step.11. It’s impolite for a guest to leave 12. — Do you often swim there?英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 1 页 (共 13 页)

— No. I A. seldom△go there because the tickets are too expensive. B. always △ . B. when Mary bought the book D. how much Mary paid for the dress △ me. B. are friendly to D. are sorry for C. usually D. almost13. — Please tell me— She bought it in that store. A. if Mary returned the book C. where Mary bought the dress 14. — How’s it going? — Pretty good. All my new classmates A. are angry with C. are hard on — △ . B. No problem C. Good luck D. That’s right15. — What do you think of the life in the country? A. WonderfulⅡ.补全对话(共 5 分,每空 1 分) 从方框内所给的句子中选择恰当的句子完成下面的对话。

A: I’m hungry, Chen Nan. B: Me, too. 16 17 A: Good idea. What would you like to eat? B: Hmm… What about some noodles? A: Yes, I like them. But which restaurant can we go to? B: I hear that there is a new noodle house. The waiters there are all robots. A: Cool! 18 19 B: I don’t know. But we can phone to ask about it. A: We’d better not. A: All right. 20 B: OK. It’s not far. We can walk there.A. Do you like them? B. I want to have a try. C. We can go there in person to have a look. D. What’s the price of the noodles, do you know? E. Why don’t we get something to drink? F. Shall we get something to eat? G. Let’s go. Ⅲ . 完形填空 (共 10 分, 每英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 2 页 (共 13 页)

空 1 分) 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选择一个最佳答案。

Few words are spoken more often every day on the streets of Britain than “I’m sorry”. This sentence has become 21 common that it has had a lot of meanings. Sorry means to apologize (道歉). It’s 22 to understand. We learn it both as a mother language speaker and as a 23 . But in Britain, it has another meaning. It is a cultural expression. 24 this situation: a man walks down the street, looking down at his phone. A woman is walking in the opposite direction, towards the man. She sees him, 25 she can’t get out of the way in time. The man walks 26 the woman. Who should say sorry? Naturally, the man should say sorry, because he isn’t looking at 27 he is going. Yet in Britain, it is common for both to apologize. It is 28 that British people, like most people, do not enjoy conflict (冲突). So to calm (使镇定) the situation soon, British people will apologize to 29 . Sometimes it may sound funny to hear “sorry”. In Britain, sorry doesn’t always mean 30 what you think. Some of my friends say it at restaurants, as they ask the waiter, “Sorry, but can I order another drink?” It is not to apologize, but just to express that we need the waiter. 21. A. very B. such C. so D. too 22. A. easy B. difficult C. different D. interesting 23. A. neighbor B. customer C. writer D. foreigner 24. A. Explain B. Imagine C. Say D. Expect 25. A. as B. so C. but D. or 26. A. behind B. into C. around D. beside 27. A. where B. when C. why D. how 28. A. taught B. tested C. known D. told 29. A. another B. any other C. each other D. others 30. A. finally B. recently C. especially D. exactly Ⅳ.阅读理解(共 20 分,每小题 1 分) 根据短文内容,选择正确答案。

Passage 1 What can little money do? It’s worth thinking it over. A few weeks ago, I got $120 from a friend in a Smile Group. He asked me to do good things with the money. Since then I have used the money to help strangers, and raised a lot of smiles. One day I was in a shop, looking at the second-hand books. It happened that the book shelves (架子) were next to the toy shelf. I noticed that a poorly dressed woman standing behind me. A little girl about 3 years old came over to the toy shelf. At once her attention was caught by a toy dog. She spoke to her mother and her mother asked the shop owner how much it cost. The answer was $3. Then she said “no”. The child said nothing. Maybe “no” was not new for her but she couldn’t keep the disappointment away from her face. I had a total of $5. I put the money in the mother ’s hand and said, “Buy her a book, too.” I didn’t wait to see the end. I walked out of the shop. The money the friend gave me was to help me find happiness in the world. Was there any better way to get so much happiness with so little money? 英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 3 页 (共 13 页)

31. The writer got △ from his friend a few weeks ago. A. little help B. some money C. book shelves D. a lot of smiles 32. The girl was interested in △ . A. a bookstore B. a toy dog C. toy shelves D. second-hand books 33. From Paragraph (段落) 3, we can learn that the mother △ . A. couldn’t afford the toy B. disliked the toy C. couldn’t stand the girl D. disliked the girl 34. We can infer (推断) the writer was △ after walking out of the shop. A. disappointed B. sad C. happy D. lonely 35. What’s the main idea of this passage? A. Money is happiness. B. It’s impossible to find happiness. C. Helping others can get happiness. D. We can’t get happiness with little money. Passage 2 What’s the final purpose of studying? “To use what you learn,” we are often told. Now students in Finland (芬兰) will get a taste of this in their new classes. It’s reported on March 26th that Finland worked out a new education plan. By 2016, classrooms will be turned into meeting rooms, students there will study topics (话题) they are interested in. For example, if the topic is about the European Union (EU 欧盟), teachers will show students the map of Europe, the place of the EU’s member countries and the weather there. Also, students will look further into the histories of these countries. Then another topic in classes is about “dining hall services”, students will play cashiers (收银员) to practice their math skills and learn different languages to serve foreign guests. They will also learn to better communicate with guests to make sure that they have a nice experience. All schools for students aged 7 to 16 will have at least one of these classes. They will be taught for several weeks a year or longer. The new teaching methods will help children prepare for the future with the skills that are needed for today and tomorrow. The changes clearly show growing calls ( 呼声 ) around the world for education to develop personalities ( 个性 ), communication skills, rather than just pushing children through “ exam factories ” . 36. The students in Finland will △ . A. try a new learning method B. clean the meeting rooms C. study what they aren’t interested in D. work out a new education plan 37. How many topics are given as examples? A. One. B. Two. C. Three. D. Four. 英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 4 页 (共 13 页)

38. The students can’t C. eat delicious food 39. The students aged A. 6 to 17 in Finland C. 6 to 17 in EU△in the classes about “dining hall services”. B. learn different languages D. have a nice experience will take the new classes. B. 7 to 16 in Finland D. 7 to 16 in EUA. practice math skills △40. Which is not the purpose of the new teaching methods? A. To help students get ready for the future. B. To practice skills for today and tomorrow. C. To develop students’ personalities. D. To push children through “exam factories”. Passage 3 What do you think will happen when the traditional culture meet modern technology? Yes, the “dead” words become lively characters (人物) at once. How happy it is to enjoy these Chinese cartoons! Ma Liang is a poor boy who loves painting. He always uses his magic brush to fight against the bad people in the village. The cartoon The Magic Brush came out in 1955.A group of tadpoles (蝌蚪) are born. They try to find their mother that they have never seen. The story is very simple, but it needs complex technology to show the artistic style of ink ( 水墨 ) painting. Little Tadpole Looking for Mom was watched in 1961 first. The Monkey King: Uproar in Heaven (1961-1964) is China’s first color cartoon. It is from the Chinese novel Journey to the West. It’s successful. Not only we but also many westerners like the great monkey Sun Wukong. To beat two bad persons, an old man grows 7 calabashes ( 葫芦 ), and they change into 7 boys. They try their best to beat the bad. Calabash Brothers (1986) is a masterpiece ( 杰 作 ) of Chinese paper-cutting art.英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 5 页 (共 13 页)

△ shows the artistic style of ink painting. A. The Magic Brush B. Little Tadpole Looking for Mom C. The Monkey King: Uproar in Heaven D. Calabash Brothers 42. What does the underlined (画线的) word “complex” mean in Chinese? A. 重复的 B. 复杂的 C. 杂乱的 D. 冗长的 43. The Monkey King: Uproar in Heaven is △ . A. the first film in China B. only loved by Chinese C. the first color cartoon in China D. loved by all the westerners 44. Which is true according to the passage? A. Ma Liang punished the villagers with his brush. B. Little Tadpole Looking for Mom came out in 1964. C. The Monkey King is from a Chinese novel. D. Calabash Brothers is from Chinese clay art. 45. From the passage, we can learn something about △ . A. famous people B. Chinese inventions C. traditional food D. Chinese cartoons Passage 4 41. Good news for kids in Nanjing! You can see the world’s biggest solar-powered(太阳能的) plane named Solar Impulse 2 (SI2). How different from other planes it is — without a drop of oil! Its power comes from the light of the sun. Early this March, it started its five-month world trip. In total, the plane will travel 35,000 kilometers and cross the whole world. Two pilots are driving the plane. The team hopes to improve green energy around the world. On March 22nd, the plane landed in Nanjing. It stayed there for one month. The stop in China is very important, because China is a big market for green energy technology. To welcome SI2, Nanjing Lukou International Airport built a special garage (飞机库) for it. The plane’s wings are the largest in the world, but the plane weighs only the same as a family car. There are 17,000 solar cells (太阳能电池) in the wings, they can provide energy for the flying. During the day, the solar cells change solar power into electricity (电) and make the plane fly all day and all night. It is not the first solar plane, however, it is the first plane that is able to cross the whole world. 46. The news is about A. solar power 47. The trip will last for A. one year C. five years △ . B. a solar-powered plane △ . B. five months D. one month 英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 6 页 (共 13 页) C. a train D. sunlight

48. SI2 stopped in China because △ . A. Nanjing has built a garage for it C. China is a big market for the technology 49. Flying all day and all night mainly depends on A. its wings B. the pilots 50. This passage may be taken from a △ . A. storybook C. science newspaperB. China welcomes it D. Chinese kids like it △ . C. the oil D. its solar cells B. notebook D. travel guide第二部分 非选择题(共 70 分)Ⅴ.补全对话(共 5 分,每空 1 分) 在下面对话的空白处填入适当的话语(话语可以是句子、短语或词) ,使对话完整。

A: This is something I’ve never seen. 51 ? B: It’s used for saving water. It helps my family use only half as much water as we used to. A: Wow, that’s great. 52 ? B: You can’t get one anywhere. 53 . A: Really? Your father must be very creative (有创造力的) then. B: Yes. And he believes that water is important. He says we should do something to save water. .By the way, 54 ? A: Well, I save water by using shower water to clean the toilet. B: 55 . I think I’ll do the same thing as you later. Ⅵ.句子翻译(共 15 分) (A)根据所给中文完成句子翻译。

(共 11 分。

局部翻译,每小题 1 分;整句翻译,每小 题 2 分) 56. 为了改善环境,我们正在通力合作。

In order to improve the environment, we △ . 57. 我今晚可以和朋友闲逛吗? Could I △ with my friends tonight? 58. 教学楼前面曾经有棵树。

There used to be a tree △ the teaching building. 59. 你去过沈阳科技馆吗? △ the Science Museum in Shenyang? 60. 他们是怎样和父母相处的? How do they △ their parents? 61. 我一到家就给你写信。

△ . 62. 你应该学会放松。

△ . 63. .李华经常看历史书吗? △ ? 英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 7 页 (共 13 页)

(B)阅读下面的短文,将短文中画线部分的句子译成中文。

(共 4 分,每小题 2 分) Can you believe it? I cooked crabs (螃蟹) by myself! And it was really awful. I took out three crabs from the fridge in the morning. I thought they were dead. 64. So I put them in the water to boil. Suddenly, I heard some noise from the pot (锅 ). Oh, my god! They were alive! My parents were not at home and I was fearful. One of the crabs was nearly out of the pot. 65. I had to push the pot cover with my hands until I could hear nothing. At noon, when we had lunch, my parents praised me for cooking the crabs. They didn’t know how awful the process was. Ⅶ.完形填空(共 10 分,每空 1 分) 根据短文内容,用方框中所给词的正确形式填空,使短文完整、正确。

(每个词只能用一 次,有两个多余词) someone along follow fast why though glad surprise begin I worry when A little girl walked to and from school every day. The little girl made her daily trip to school as usual, 66 it was not fine and the sky clouded over that morning. When school was over, the wind became stronger and it 67 to rain. The mother of the little girl felt 68 . Her daughter would be afraid when she walked home from school. The lightning (闪电) might make her child afraid. Following the bright lightning, the mother got into her car and drove 69 to her child’s school. As the mother drove 70 the road, she saw her little girl walking alone in the rain. To her great 71 , she found that when a lightning came, her daughter stopped, looked up and smiled. Another lightning came and then another 72 . With each lightning, the little girl stopped, looked up and smiled. Inside the car, the mother asked her daughter, “What were you doing? 73 did you look up and smile when the lightning came?” The little girl answered with a smile, “Mom, you know, 74 was looking at me. Each time when I felt a little afraid, someone would take a picture of 75 . I knew he was playing a game with me.” Ⅷ.根据短文内容,按要求完成任务。

(共 20 分,每小题 2 分) Passage 5 阅读下面短文,简略回答所提出的问题。

A man had a beautiful garden and flower beds, and all kinds of nice things that he planted in his garden. But there was one problem. His neighbor always let his chickens come in, and they dug out the flowers and made a mess. And he told his neighbor to keep the hens to himself. But the neighbor said, “I don’t want to do that, I believe chickens are also the creation of God, and they have the right to go wherever they want.” And so he just let his chickens run all over, and the chickens loved the flowers, the corn (谷物) and all the things that the neighbors planted. And so they would visit his garden often. But then one day one of his friends came back, and saw the man had everything in order(井然有序)! So the friend was very surprised, “How did you make the neighbor keep the 英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 8 页 (共 13 页)

chickens out of your garden?” He said, “Oh, that’s easy. I just hid some eggs in my flower bed, and one day I let my neighbor see that I was collecting them.” After that the neighbor kept his chickens to himself. 76. What did the chickens do in the garden? 77. Did the neighbor accept the man’s requirement (请求)? 78. Why was the man’s friend surprised? 79. How did the neighbor deal with his chickens at last? 80. What do you think of the man in the passage? Passage 6 阅读下面短文,完成表格。

Chinese people are getting bigger. More and more Chinese people are overweight. About 23% Chinese boys under twenty were overweight, while for girls it was 14%. China was listed as the second most overweight country in the world, after the US. China puts on weight now. Part of the reason is our growing economy (经济). Chinese families now make enough money to buy more food, especially fatty (含脂肪的) food such as meat. In 1980, the average (平均) person in China ate 12.7 kg of meat. The number increased to 60 kg in 2013. And many people also eat at fast food stores a lot. They take in a lot of fatty food but exercise little. Each year, 2.8 million adults die of illnesses such as diabetes (糖尿病) and heart illnesses. We all need the following healthy lifestyles. To stay in shape, people should eat less sugar and fat. People need to have less soft drinks, candy and red meat, too. Children need to do at least an hour of exercise every day, such as running and playing football on the playground. Many children now take part in special summer camps to lose weight. It’s very important for children to grow up happily.ProblemsMore and more Chinese people ★ Chinese economy is growing. ★ Many people often eat 82 . ★ People don’t 83 enough.81 .Reasons84★ People should eat less sugar and fat. ★ People need to drink less soft drinks. ★ Children need to do physical activities for85an hour each day.英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 9 页 (共 13 页)

Ⅸ.书面表达 (共 20 分) 86.根据要求完成小作文,词数:约 30 词。

(5 分) 班级卫生,人人有责。

作为班级的一员,你对如何保持班级整洁肯定有自己的想法, 请就卫生清扫时间、教室保洁、垃圾清倒等方面提出合理建议或要求, 至少写出三点。

△ 87.根据要求完成大作文,词数:80-100 词。

(15 分) 三年校园生活的美好点滴常常定格在《毕业留言册》上。

假如你是 Dan,结合内容 提示,给你的好友 Tang 用英文写一篇毕业留言,可适当发挥。

内容提示:① 感谢好友在学习、生活等方面对你的帮助。

② 谈谈你毕业后的打算及理由。

③ 祝福好友。

参考词汇:get better grades, trouble, encourage, read books, confident (自信的), friendship, future 要 求:① 语言准确,行文连贯,层次清晰,书写规范。

② 文中不得出现真实姓名、校名。

③ 文章的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Tang, It’s lucky for me to have a friend like you. △ Yours, .Dan △2015 年抚顺市初中毕业生学业考试英语试卷参考答案及评分标准第一部分 选择题 (共 50 分)Ⅰ.单项选择 (共 15 分,每小题 1 分) 6-10 ABCBD 11-15 BACBA 从各题的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。

1-5 ADBCC英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 10 页 (共 13 页)

Ⅱ.补全对话(共 5 分,每空 1 分)从方框内所给的句子中选择恰当的句子完成下面的对话。

16-20 FADCG Ⅲ.完形填空 (共 10 分,每空 1 分) 26-30 BACCD 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选择一个最佳答案。

21-25 CADBC Ⅳ.阅读理解 (共 20 分,每小题 1 分) 根据短文内容,选择正确答案。

31-35 BBACC 36-40 ABCBD 41-45 BBCCD 46-50 BBCDC第二部分 非选择题 (共 70 分)Ⅴ.补全对话(共 5 分,每空 1 分) 在下面对话的空白处填入适当的话语(话语可以是句子、短语或词) ,使对话完整。

51. What’s it used for (doing)/What’s it used to do 52. Where can I get/buy one 53. Because my father made/invented it (himself/by himself) /Because it was made/invented by my father /My father made/invented it (himself/by himself) /It was made/invented by my father 54. how do you save water/what do you do to save water 55. That sounds good/great /That sounds like a good/great idea /Good/Great idea /That’s /It’s a good/great idea /That’s good/great/fantastic /Great/Good/Fantastic 注:此补全对话为开放性试题,参考答案不唯一,凡符合语境的正确表达均可得分。

评卷教师可酌情处理。

Ⅵ.句子翻译(共 15 分) (A)根据所给中文完成句子翻译。

(共 11 分。

局部翻译,每小题 1 分;整句翻译,每小 题 2 分) 56. are pulling/working together 57. hang out 58. in front of 59. Have you (ever) been to 60. get on/along with 61. I’ll write (a letter) to you as soon as I get/reach/arrive home 英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 11 页 (共 13 页)

62. You should/are supposed to learn to relax/have a relax/relax yourself 63..Does Li Hua often read history books /Does Li Hua often read a/the book on/about history /Does Li Hua often read (the) books on/about history (B)阅读下面的短文,将短文中画线部分的句子译成中文。

(共 4 分,每小题 2 分) 64.因此(所以)我把螃蟹放到水里煮 65.我必须/不得不用(双)手压住/按住锅盖直到我听不到声音/动静/什么也听不见了 注:此翻译题为开放性试题,参考答案不唯一,凡符合语境的正确表达均可得分。

评 卷教师可酌情处理。

Ⅶ.完形填空(共 10 分,每空 1 分) 根据短文内容,用方框中所给词的正确形式填空,使短文完整、正确。

(每个词只能 用一次,有两个多余词) 66. though 71. surprise 67. began 72. followed 68. worried 73. Why 69. fast 74. someone 70. along 75. meⅧ.根据短文内容,按要求完成任务。

(共 20 分,每小题 2 分) Passage 5 阅读下面短文,简略回答所提出的问题。

76. They dug out the flowers and made a mess 77. No/No, he didn’t 78. Because he saw the man had everything in order/everything was in order 79. He kept (his) chickens to himself 80. He was/is clever/smart/wise/cute/Clever/Smart/Wise/Cute Passage 6 阅读下面短文,完成表格。

81. are getting bigger/overweight/put on weight 82. fatty food (such as meat)/fast food/unhealthy food/meat/at fast food stores 83. exercise/take exercise/do (play) sports 84. Healthy lifestyles/Solutions 85. at least 注:任务型阅读为开放性试题,参考答案不唯一,凡符合语境的正确表达均可得分。

评卷教师可酌情处理。

Ⅸ.书面表达(共 20 分) 86. 根据要求完成小作文,词数:约 30 词。

(5 分) One possible sample: It’s our duty to keep our classroom tidy. We should clean our classroom twice a day. Make sure to take out the rubbish before school is over. Don’t throw the waste paper everywhere. Let’s make our classroom tidy and comfortable. 87. 根据要求完成大作文,词数:80-100 词。

(15 分) One possible sample:英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 12 页 (共 13 页)

Dear Tang, It’s lucky for me to have a friend like you. Thank you for your help. When I have math problems, you always help me to work them out. I’ve got better grades in math. If I have any trouble, you will encourage me not to give up. We often read books and do sports together. Because of your help, I’m more confident than before. I’m going to a good high school with you. Because it’s my dream. I hope our friendship can last forever. I believe you’l l have a nice future. Yours, .Dan ※ 书面表达评分标准: 第一档(13-15 分) :符合题意要求,表达完整,条理清楚,语句通顺,语言正确无误, 书写工整。

第二档(10-12 分) :符合题意要求,表达基本完整,条理清楚,语言较为通顺,语言 基本无误,书写比较工整。

第三档(7-9 分) : 基本符合题意要求,表达基本完整,条理较清楚,语句较通顺, 语言有部分错误,书写欠工整。

第四档(4-6 分) : 不符合题意要求,表达不清楚,语言错误过多,字数不够,书写 不工整。

第五档(0-3 分) : 所写内容均与所要求的内容无关或所写的内容无法看清。

英语试卷(供抚顺考生使用) 第 13 页 (共 13 页)

 
 

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