新视野大学英语读写教程第二版第 2 册课后练习答案Unit 1 Section A: Vocabulary III. 1. charge 2. convention 3. efficient 4. obtain 5. competent 6. asessing 7. fulfill 8. conducting 9. consequently 10. significance IV. 1. behind 2. at 3. in 4.out 5. to 6. to 7.in 8.with 9.but 10. for V. 1. L 2. C 3.D 4. N 5. O 6.A 7. E 8.G 9.I 10. K Word Building VI. 1. commitment 2. attraction 3. appointment 4. impression 5. civilization 6. composition 7. confusion 8. congratulation 9. consideration 10. explanation 11. acquisit ion 12. depression VII. 1. advisable 2. desirable 3. favorable 4. considerable 5. remarkable 6. pr eferable 7. drinkable 8. acceptable Sentence Structure VIII. 1. much less can he write English articles 2. much less can he manage a big company 3. much less could he carry it upstairs 4. much less have I spoken to him 5. much less to read a lot outside of it IX. 1. Having meals at home can cost as little as two or three dollars, whereas eating out at a restaurant is always more expensive. 2. We thought she was rather proud, whereas in fact she was just very shy. 3. We have never done anything for them, whereas they have done so mu ch for us. 4. Natalie prefers to stay for another week, whereas her husband prefers to leave immediately. 5. Some praise him highly, whereas others put him down severely. Translation X. 1. She wouldn\'t take a drink, much less could she stay for dinner. 2. He thought I was lying to him, whereas I was telling the truth. 3. How do you account for the fact that you have been late every day this week?
4. The increase in their profits is due partly to their new market strategy. 5. Such measures are likely to result in the improvement of work efficiency. 6. We have already poured a lot of time and energy into the project, so we have to carry on. XI. 1. 我认为他不会抢劫,更不用说暴力抢劫了. 2. 男工平均工资每小时 10 美元,而女工才每小时 7 美元. 3. 自然界的平衡一旦遭到破坏,就会带来很多不可预知的影响. 4. 期终考试迫在眉睫,你最好多花点时间看书. 5. 有趣的是,消费者发现越来越难以辨别某些品牌的原产国.其部分原因来自于全球 化带来的影响,部分原因是由于产地的变化. 6. 最近一次调查表明,妇女占总劳动力的 40%. Cloze XII. 1. C 2. B 3. B 4. A 5. D 6. B 7. C 8. D 9. A 10. C 11. D 12. C 1 3. C 14. B 15. A Structured Writing XIV. A larger and larger part of society is expressing its concern about environm ental protection. Active in their concern, teachers and students hold specific meetings to discuss environmental protection. Also, city planners take envir onmental problems into serious consideration. And, though reducing pollution can be expensive, factories often take every possible measure to do their part. Many people are concerned and active because air and water pollution affects everyone and makes it difficult for cities to survive and businesses to make a profit. Section B Comprehension of the Text I. Main idea of Para. 1: Studying in a different country is a new experience, b ut there are also some challenges. Main idea of Para. 2: The first stage of culture-shock adjustment is ―the ho neymoon‖. Main idea of Para. 3: The second stage of culture shock, ―the hostility stag e‖, eventually occurs. Main idea of Para. 4: At this point, some defense mechanisms are devised to protect yourself against the effects of culture shock. Main idea of Para. 6: The third stage of culture shock adjustment, ―recover y‖, starts. II. 1. D 2. A 3. C 4. D 5. A 6. C 7. B 8. B Vocabulary
III. 1. utilize 2. reject 3. considerable 4. temporary 5. acceptable 6. recognition 7. alleviate 8. appreciate 9. furthermore 10. interact IV. 1. interact with 2. gone through 3. deal with 4. recovered with 5. adjustin g to 6. familiar to 7. In spite of 8. were tired of 9. prevented from 10. came t o Unit 2 Section A Vocabulary III. 1. promising 2. amusing 3. lowered 4. persisted 5. rank 6. swear 7. unfair 8. presence 9. frowning 10. approximately IV. 1. on 2. upon 3. on 4. in 5. by 6. to 7. in 8. of 9. on 10. out V. 1. O 2. K 3. D 4. H 5. J 6. E 7. M 8. G 9. B 10. A Word Building VI. 1. observe—observer: one who observes a person or an event 2. ski—skier: one who skis 3. visit—visitor: one who visits somebody or some place 4. learn—learner: one who learns something 5. report—reporter: one who reports on persons or events for a newspaper 6. drink—drinker: one who often drinks alcohol, esp. too much VII. 1. tropical 2. musical 3. occasional 4. environmental 5. global 6. dangerous 7. natural 8. central Sentence structure VIII. 1. They didn\'t lose heart despite of lots of frustration. 2. Despite the heavy rain,the boys played football in the yard all afternoon. 3. I will try my best despite the slim chances of success. 4. Despite a thorough search for the escaped prisoner in the mountain,no si gn of him was found. 5. Despite their increased income,their life became poorer because of the ri sing prices. IX. 1. nor do I think it necessary to do so 2. nor would they go to my sister\'s 3. nor do we have her telephone number 4. nor would I like to go to work immediately 5. nor would I Translation
X. 1. Despite the fact that she is the only child in her family, she is never ba bied by her parents. 2. Mike didn\'t come to the party last night, nor did he call me to give an e xplanation. 3. The person sitting next to him did publish some novels, but he is by no means a great writer. 4. He has no interest in football and is indifferent to who wins to loses. 5. The manager needs an assistant that he can count on to take care of p roblems in his absence. 6. This is the first time that he has made a speech in the presence of so l arge an audience. XI. 1. 尽管那项计划一开始就证明是不切实际的,但是他们还是坚持要实施. 2. 我无法说服他接受这项计划,也无法使他认识到这项计划的重要性. 3. 你是怎么把那么多东西塞进这个小行李箱的? 4. 别人对他怎么看,他全不在意. 5. 我能否指出你犯了个小错误. 6. 他母亲让他开车慢一点儿,但是他从不把她的话放在心上. Cloze XII. 1. B 2. D 3. B 4. C 5. B 6. C 7. A 8. A 9. B 10. D 11. B 12. D 1 3. B 14. C 15. D XIV. Computers, just like any new technology, have a negative side. As more an d more computers are used in production lines, many jobs are being taken over by computer-controlled machines. As a result, many workers are findin g themselves jobless. This constitutes a threat to social security. Another pr oblem is computer crimes. For example, some people are finding ways to b reak into the bank computer systems and transfer large sums of money to t heir own accounts. There have been many reports like this. One more nega tive effect of computers is that they bring about health problems. Sitting in f ront of computers all day undoubtedly affects people’s health. Back pain, wr ist pain, failing eyesight, to name only a few. Section B Reading skills I. 1. D 2. A 3. A 4. C 5. B Comprehension of the Text II. 1. D 2. B 3. C 4. D 5. A 6. C 7. A 8. B Vocabulary III. 1. sake 2. sacrificed 3. crack 4. pursuing 5. explosive 6. overcome 7. indica ted 8. opponents 9. stripped 10. denied
IV. 1. Natasha made herself stand out in the group interview by acting as the l eader in her group. 2. To be successful, you need a careful plan, good luc k, help at the right time, and above all, hard work. 3. They are not doing this to gain recognition or money; they are doing this for the sake of society. 4. It was actually what he said rather than what he did that made me sad. 5. Once my mother sets her mind on something, it will be very hard to sto p her. 6. Years of research had set the stage for their success in their field. 7. Local people are used to the phenomenon, so they are not surprised at all. 8. Today at this meeting we are going to focus on the question of air pollut ion. 9. He never expected that his best friend would charge him with cheating i n the exam. 10. His parents were so strict with him in his studies that he had little time to participate in any activities outside of class. Unit 3 Section A Vocabulary III. 1. mutual 2. illusion 3. canceled 4. overlooked 5. proceeded 6. resolve 7. prejudice 8. compromise 9. confirm 10. subsequently IV. 1. having nothing to do with 2. taking care of 3. met with 4. on the surface 5. work out 6. incompatible with 7. ups and downs 8. learned of 9. indication of 10. all along V. 1. M 2. L 3. F 4. D 5. H 6. O 7. A 8. C 9. I 10. K Word Building VI. 1. shopping 2. feeling 3. storage 4. cooking 5. ending 6. beginning 7. gathering 8. removal 9. arrival 10. passage 11. writing 12. marriage VII. 1. relationship 2. citizenship 3. leadership 4. membership 5. boyhood 6. livelihood 7. brotherhood 8. authorship 9. adulthood 10. neighborhood 11. wisdom 12. ownership Sentence structure VIII. 1. It is never too bad for us to do something about the situation. 2. One is never too old to learn.
3. It is never too late for you to put a stop to this madness. 4. It is never too late for you to mend your ways. 5. His income was never too small to support his family. IX. 1. My best friend, Anna, was here last night. 2. The company manager, Mr. Madison, gathered his staff and announced t he decision. 3. You should have seen an ophthalmologist, an eye doctor. 4. He sent for the accountant, the most experienced person in accounting. 5. "Leave it to me," said David, the man on night duty. Translation X. 1. You are never too experienced to learn new techniques. 2. There remains one problem, namely, who should be sent to head the re search there. 3. Their relationship did meet with some difficulty at the beginning because of cultural differences. 4. Though he has had ups and downs, I believed all along that he would s ucceed someday. 5. I have some reservations about the truth of your claim. 6. She isn\'t particularly tall, but her slim figure gives an illusion of height. XI. 1. 应尽早告知年轻人:必须认真对待法律. 2. 他现在面临一个重要决定,这个决定可能会影响他的整个前程. 3. 即使在情况最糟糕的时候,你也必须保持镇静和信心. 4. 人际关系的成功与否与双方相处是否融洽以及交流是否顺畅有很大关系. 5. 他受到袭击,身受重伤,随后不治而亡. 6. 他的举止至少在表面上像个正常人。
Cloze XII. 1. A 2. C 3. B 4. B 5. C 6. B 7. C 8. D 9. C 10. D 11. B 12. A 1 3. D 14. C 15. D Structured Writing XIV. Many people place so much emphasis on success that they think any failur e is bad. Failure is never pleasant because it hurts people. But in fact is c an make a positive contribution to our life once we learn how to make the best of it. We can learn from a disastrous party how to give a good one. A nd we can learn from an ill-chosen first house what to look for in a second. Even a total failure can give us fresh ideas or a change of direction. Repe ated failures lead to success and prove to be beneficial to us as we experi ment every day to find out the right way of doing things.
Section B Reading skills I. 1. F 2. F 3. O 4. F 5. O 6. O 7. O 8. F 9. O 10. F Comprehension of the Text II. 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. C 5. B 6. B 7. A 8. D Vocabulary III. 1. arrange 2. criticism 3. innocent 4. criticizing 5. miserable 6. modest 7. compelled 8. somehow 9. anticipate 10. birlliant IV. 1. on 2. from... to 3. off 4. with 5. away 6. about 7. over 8. On 9. Concerning 10. to Unit 4 Section A: Vocabulary III. 1. forbid 2. identical 3. objection 4. warmth 5. volunteers 6. overseas 7. declined 8. resisted 9. fancy 10. decrease/decline IV. 1. without fail 2. volunteer for 3. as long as 4. right away 5. more than 6. am thankful...for 7. wrote back 8. forbidden from 9. vanished into 10. was free to V. 1. O 2. J 3. G 4. H 5. L 6. A 7. E 8. B 9. C 10. N Word Building VI. 1. sadness 2. weakness 3. carelessness 4. illness 5. darkness 6. kindne ss 7. laziness 8. nervousness VII. 1. noisy 2. wealthy 3. sunny 4. lucky 5. tasty 6. healthy 7. angry 8. icy Sentence structure VIII. 1. It is necessary for the manager to finish the whole task before leaving fo r a holiday. 2. It is a shame to take so much money for doing so little. 3. It is our responsibility to help people around us who are in trouble. 4. It is a surprise for us all to realize he has been cheating us. 5. It is pleasant fro the mother to see her daughter growing into a young la dy. IX.
1. as long as she got her father\'s agreement 2. As long as you set a goal for yourself 3. As long as she covers all the expenses herself 4. as long as she does her job well 5. As long as you never lose heart Translation X. 1. It is a great pleasure to meet friends from afar. 2. It doesn\'t matter whether the cat is black or white as long as it catches mice. 3. You must let me have the money back without fail by ten o\'clock tomorr ow morning. 4. Allow me to take part in this project: I am more than a little interested in it. 5. Everyone knows that he is special: He is free to come and go as he ple ases. 6. Watching the unhappy look on her face, I felt as though she wishes to s ay something to me. XI. 1. 现如今,仅仅受过中等教育的人要想找份好工作越来越难了。
2. 留得青山在,不怕没柴烧. 3. 如果你对所购物品不满意,我们将很乐意退款. 4. 我们对这块伟大的美丽的土地心怀感激之情,多年来它迎接了众多的人来这里的 海滩游览. 5. 让老师吃惊的是,没人自愿当班长. 6. 那条狗忠心耿耿地继续在火车站等待主人,直到两年后死去. Cloze XII. 1. B 2. C 3. A 4. D 5. B 6. A 7. D 8. D 9. C 10. A 11. A 12. B 1 3. D 14. C 15. C XIV. Parents have to save a large amount of money for their children to study a broad. Apart from the international flight, they have to pay for their daily ex penses, such as food, shelter, entertainment, long –distance telephone calls, and clothing. In addition, the children should have some money ready to c over unexpected expenses. Section B: Reading skills I. 1. I am almost dead. 2. I am moving across the landscape. 3. I have achieved a modest amount of prosperity. 4. A friend convinces me to go on a blind date with a lady friend of his. 5. Roma gets a faraway look in her eyes.
Comprehension of the Text II. 1. D 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. B 6. B 7. C 8. A Vocabulary III. 1. insurance 2. descended 3. precision 4. trace 5. stain 6. specify 7. accustomed 8. embraced 9. knelt 10. prosperity IV. 1. The Rockefeller family achieved a huge amount of prosperity in the oil b usiness. 2. What all workers have in common is expecting better working conditions. 3. You don\'t know what his feelings will be, as they change from day to d ay. 4. This is generally a warm place, but we do get freezing weather on occa sion. 5. Every year at Christmas drunk driving takes its toll on the joyful atmosph ere. 6. Many people still cling to the hope that one day there will be place betw een the two countries. 7. He was so angry that he lost control. 8. The climate in Alaska is a far cry from that of Florida. 9. How on earth did she manage to pass the test? 10. His career as a teacher came to an end when he broke his leg, but he continued to write textbooks for students. Unit 5 Section A: Vocabulary III. 1. hardened 2. shelter 3. slim 4. weaken 5. Literally 6. noticeable 7. bunch 8. drag 9. grateful 10. hooked IV. 1. leaned on 2. close at hand 3. die of 4. are starved of 5. coupled with 6. is directed…at 7. are...dressed in 8. grateful to 9. struggling to 10. a bu nch of V. 1. J 2. G 3. K 4. M 5. E 6. O 7. D 8. H 9. A 10. C Word Building VI. 1. Under the pleasant situation the property prices are just beginning to har den again. 2. In the past few years, these inside conflicts have weakened the governm ent\'s position. 3. Every Sunday the father takes his child to libraries, museums, exhibitions
or natural parks, as he believes that this helps to broaden the child\'s min d. 4. The days are lengthening as summer approaches. 5. As she was waiting for the result to come out, her excitement heightene d. 6. The taking on of a new secretary lightened his workload considerably. 7. As he listened to his assistant reporting on the progress of the project, t he manager\'s face darkened with anger. 8. Before night fell, the setting sun reddened the clouds. VII. 1. arrival 2. expectations 3. understandable 4. Visitors 5. freedom 6. profitable 7. lucky 8. gathering Sentence structure VIII. 1. John went to the cinema with his brother, which surprised me. 2. The boy broke the window, for which he was criticized by the teacher. 3. He tore up my photo, by which I was angered very much. 4. It was raining hard, for which the team stayed indoors. 5. Connie changed her mind for the second time, which came as no surpris e to us. IX. 1. The teacher spoke so quietly that the students could hardly hear her. 2. The lecture was so boring that many listeners fell asleep. 3. The student has so many books that he does not know what to do with them. 4. The old man was so ill that his neighbors had to send for a doctor. 5. Her remarks are so funny that everyone laughs to tears. Translation X. 1. He spoke confidently, which impressed me most. 2. My father is so forgetful that he is always looking for his keys. 3. I\'m very grateful to you for all the help you have given me. 4. The bad light, coupled with the wet ground, made driving very difficult. 5. Being starved of funds, they had to cancel their plan to start a business. 6. They always lean on us whenever they are in trouble. XI. 1. 飞机可能会晚点几个小时,要是那样，我们等着就没有什么意义了. 2. 乔治常常说谎,因此当他说他考试得了高分时没人相信他. 3. 初了附近位于十字路口的那家小工厂,一切都静悄悄的. 4. 缺少睡眠的人会感到很难集中心思干活. 5. 我安排人去机场接克拉克先生,然后带他去宾馆. 6. 一到达山顶,游客们都高兴地大叫起来. Cloze XII.
1. C 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. B 6. D 7. A 8. D 9. C 10. B 11. D 12. A 13. A 14. D 15. C XIV. There are many problems for mixed marriages. The number one reason is t he cultural differences between the mixed couple, like those in customs and lifestyle. Many people have prejudice against mixed marriages. They often feel shocked to see people of different races get married and have doubts about such marriages. What’s more, children from mixed marriages tend to be looked down upon or even badly treated by their peers. Mixed marriage s face many trials, and as a result, mixed couples have higher divorce rate s than couples of the same race. Section B: Reading skills I. 1. giving them many material possessions 2. change continually and frequently 3. a sudden, uncontrollable feeling of regret 4. makes (the parent-child relationship)go wrong; taking (some of the happin ess and mutual respect) away from (parents and their children) 5. start a new course of improved behavior Comprehension of the Text II. 1. A 2. C 3. D 4. D 5. A 6. B 7. B 8. C Vocabulary III. 1. assigned 2. compensate 3. prompt 4. manner 5. tendency 6. undermined 7. submit 8. inferred 9. fluctuates 10. responded IV. 1. Jean wrote the speaker\'s address down in her notebook for fear that sh e might forget it. 2. Passengers must show their tickets on demand. 3. Officials are bound to investigate any possible corruption. 4. I took it for granted that you would come with us, so I bought you a tick et. 5. She has been selfish all the time, but she has promised to turn over a new leaf and become more loving toward others. 6. People in this region have pined for a peaceful life since the religious w ar broke out three decades ago. 7. Poor health had made it difficult for Jim to hold down a job for more tha n a year. 8. Betty gets very depressed at times because of the pressure of her work. 9. The boys at my school used to make fun of me because I have a flat n ose. 10. Jenny kept begging me for a new bicycle, and I finally gave in.
Unit 6 Section A Vocabulary III. 1. confessed 2. reserve 3. professional 4. impressive 5. latter 6. convey 7. qualify 8. refined 9. substitute 10. approval IV. 1. Correct from: fill out; synonym: fill in 2. Correct from: feel comfortable with; synonym: feel comfortable about 3. Correct from: attach first importance to; translation: 非常重视；把……放在 第一位 4. Correct from: turned down; synonym: rejected; refused 5. Correct from: came (up) to; definition: moved toward 6. Correct from: pressing me for; definition: try in a determined way to get something. 7. Correct from: free from/of; definition: not influenced by 8. Correct from: stuck with; translation: 不得不接待；被迫接待 9. Correct from: for better or worse; definition: whether the result is good or bad 10. Correct from: took charge of; synonym: took responsibility for V. 1. M 2. K 3. L 4. F 5. I 6. C 7. H 8. O 9. E 10. B Word Building VI. illegal impolite irregular impatient incapable irresponsible inconsistent inappropriate incorrect indefinite 1. impatient 2. irresponsible 3. inconsistent 4. illegal 5. inappropriate 6. incapable 7. irregular 8. impolite 9. incorrect 10. indefinite VII. unnoticeable unreasonable ungrateful unlimited uncertain uncover unrecognizable unfashionable undo untidy unfold unload 1. unreasonable 2. unfolded 3. uncertain 4. uncovered 5. ungrateful 6. unloading 7. unlimited 8. undid Sentence structure VIII. 1. so is air to man 2. so is the eagle of all birds 3. so is beer to the British 4. so is tea to the Chinese 5. so do the English love their beer IX. 1. While waiting at the doctor’s, I read an entire short story. 2. After using the brush, put it in its proper place. 3. Before being in the army, he was an engineer.
4. I deliberately didn’t read the book before going to see the film. 5. When buying a new car, it is best to seek expert advice. Translation X. 1. (Just) as a machine needs regular running, so does the body need regul ar exercise. 2. He learned to play the piano while studying in the United States. 3. To our disappointment, he turned down our invitation. 4. The reality is that, for better or worse, the world has changed with adva nce of new technologies. 5. Most of the female students in my class appear to be ill at ease when (they are) required to answer questions. 6. The local government took charge of the security for the sports meeting. XI. 1. 足球之于意大利人，就像乒乓球之于中国人。
3. 我不知道那是什么饮料，我喝了那么多；结果那些小伙子只能送我回家，因为我 有点醉了。
5. 尽管如此，政府已经同意总支出增加 6.2%。
Cloze XII. 1. C 2. A 3. B 4. B 5. D 6. B 7. A 8. C 9. D 10. C 11. C 12. B 13. A 14. A 15. A XIV. My hometown and my college town have several things in common. First, my hometown is a small town. It has a population of only about 10,000 pe ople. Located in a rural area, it is surrounded by many acres of farmland w hich are devoted mainly to growing corn and soybeans. As for my college t own, it is small too. Having a population of about 11,000 local residents, it lies in the center of farmland which is used to raise hogs and cattle. Theref ore living in my college town makes me feel at home. I enjoy it. Section B Comprehension of the Text II. 1. F 2. F 3. T 4. T 5. F 6. T 7. T 8. F Vocabulary III. 1. tidy 2. prevail 3. emotional 4. imitating 5. discourage 6. bargain 7. wander 8. superficial 9. concealed 10. accompanies IV. 1. tuened out 2. is not really up to
3. went to great lengths 4. acting out 5. spoke of 6. Judging by 7. out of character 8. took sides 9. blow his cover 10. more or less Unit 7 Section A Vocabulary III. 1. react 2. tense 3. recommended 4. destructive 5. perceive 6. emphasis 7. stirred 8. priority 9. attributed 10. stimulate IV. 1. blow his top 2. Among other things 3. take charge of 4. put emphasis o n 5. is attributed to 6. from my viewpoint 7. substituted low-fat oil for butter 8. cut down on 9. keep your audience in mind 10. out of control V. 1. N 2. E 3. G 4. J 5. I 6. A 7. C 8. L 9. D 10. O Word Building VI. 1. endless 2. thoughtful 3. harmful 4. restless 5. beautiful 6. successful 7. fearless 8. joyful VII. realize privatize characterize socialize nationalize economize normalize criticize 1. nationalized 2. criticized 3. normalized 4. economize 5. realized 6. socializing 7. privatized 8. characterizes Sentence structure VIII. 1. When you are studying abroad, misunderstandings can result from cultura l differences, among other things. 2. Online learning requires, among other things, commitment and discipline t o keep up with the flow of the course. 3. The research work was severely criticized for its poor management, amo ng other things. 4. They discussed, among other things, the future of the oil industry. 5. The article shows, among other things, the negative effects of generation gap between parents and children. IX. 1. The more often I practice, the better I play. 2. The higher we got up in the air, the colder it became.
3. The more carbon the steel contains and the quicker the cooling is, the h arder the steel becomes. 4. The more I thought about his suggestion, the more doubtful I became. 5. The more he eats, the fatter he becomes. Translation X. 1. At the meeting they discussed, among other things, the present economi c situation. 2. The more I learned about the nature, the more absorbed I became in its mystery. 3. The doctor recommends that those stressed people should try something new, interesting and challenging in order to give their negative feelings an outlet. 4. The teacher gives more homework to the student who has bad grades in stead of cutting it down. 5. By contrast, American parents are more likely to attribute their children\'s success to natural talent. 6. One of a teacher\'s priorities is to stimulate students\' interests and their creativity. XI. 1. 初了其他内容，他的研究还牵涉到发展中国家与爱滋病的斗争. 2. 这些人明白了他们的服务越好,他们就挣得越多. 3. 尽管父亲似乎忧虑不安,但苏珊感觉不到他在表情或行动上有什么变化. 4. 能获得多少经济资助已成为学生选择上哪所学校的更重要的因素. 5. 她已经减少了外出和买衣服的花费,但她还是没钱开始还债. 6. 控制压力的方法之一是认识到生活中有很多事情是我们无法掌控的. CLOZE XII. 1. D 2. A 3. D 4. C 5. D 6. B 7. B 8. C 9. B 10. B 11. D 12. B 13. C 1 4. C 15. B XIV. My friend Jack has become a workaholic. He has too strong a desire to pr ove himself. According to him, good enough is never good enough. While o thers want only to finish a few things, he aims to do everything by himself. Also, he is unwilling to spend time with his family or friends, playing with t he dog, or going fishing. He would feel guilty if he did so, because he beli eves that all his time should be spent working. He even wishes that he cou ld have a day of 26 hours or even more. He has become a workaholic wh ether he likes it or not. Section B Comprehension of the Text I. 1. It is generally about what a workaholic is like. (Title) 2. No. ―There’s a big distinction between working hard and being a workaho
lic.‖ (Para. 1) 3. Not necessarily. ―According to some psychology counselors, workaholism can be both good and bad for us.‖ (Para. 4) 4. three. (Para. 6) 5. We should lead a balanced life. (Para. 10) II. 1. F 2. F 3.T 4. F 5.T 6. F 7. F 8. T Vocabulary III. 1. constant 2. ambition 3. consequence 4. evident 5. summarize 6. welfare 7. schedule 8. attaining 9. loyal 10. indispensable IV. 1. There isn\'t anything to do other than wait to see what will happen. 2. Although Bill was going to the movies, he told Joe to the contrary. 3. I wonder who it was that defined man as a rational animal. 4. Traveling in that country isn\'t necessary expensive; you can find reasona bly priced hotels and restaurants. 5. Janet tends to get angry if you bother her. 6. I would rather walk there than go by bus. 7. She was held for twenty days and at times she feared for her life. 8. He\'s been burning the midnight oil for a week now, getting ready for fin als. 9. For many people the only possible way to escape from poverty is to mo ve to other countries. 10. Born in Milan, he dropped out of university to devote himself to music. Unit 8 Section A Vocabulary III. 1. render 2. contribution 3. popular 4. institutions 5. enrolled 6. diverse 7. accumulated 8. distinguish 9. puzzling 10. confine IV. 1. His past record is certainly something he is proud of. 2. The members of the committee, after a two-hour discussion, finally arrive d at a solution. 3. If we want to arrive there in time, we have to travel by day as well as by night. 4. I was shocked when I read of his death in a newspaper. 5. According to the police, the young man was arrested at the scene of the robbery. 6. There is nothing more frustrating than spending hours searching for infor mation, only to discover the information useless. 7. It is unnecessary to worry a lot. In fact, things will get better in the long run.
8. My smile was meant to show interest in this trip, but Carla was far too i ntelligent to believe it showed anything of the sort. 9. The number of students who want to be enrolled in engineering courses is way up. 10. The little girl is so fond of her dog that she gives it a piece of chocolat e every day. V. 1. A 2. D 3. M 4. N 5. E 6. J 7. C 8. L 9. G 10. H Word Building VI. 1. weekly 2. attractive 3. worldly 4. costly 5. secondary 6. leisurely 7. earthly 8. customary 9. protective 10. progressive 11. sickly 12. momentary 13. manly 14. orderly VII. 1. backward(s) 2. strangely 3. outward(s) 4. unfortunately 5. homeward(s) 6. originally 7. sadly 8. inward(s) Sentence structure VIII. 1. On no account will they give up the plan. 2. Little does he know much his parents love him. 3. Not until he read the report did he realize what a serious mistake he ha d made. 4. Hardly could the poor old man fall asleep with a pain in his leg. 5. Under no conditions will we give in to their demands. IX. 1. While I agree it is a tough problem, I don’t think it cannot be solved. 2. While Sara cannot come to help us, she will give us some suggestions. 3. While people admit pollution is very serious, few are willing to take meas ures. 4. While it’s raining hard now, it will clear up anytime. 5. While it is true we need money badly, we cannot steal it. Translation X. 1. Little did she know that this picture would one day be worth more than a million dollars. 2. While I understand what you say, I don’t agree with you on the issue. 3. I think the police are meant to protect people. 4. I went to see him yesterday, only to find that he had gone abroad sever al days before. 5. At the weekly meeting, everyone must confine their remarks to the subje ct. 6. If only I hadn’t said those silly words! I was too young then to distinguis h right from wrong. XI.
1. 五年前我几乎不会想到今天我会与这么多来自世界各地的学生坐在一起学习英 语。
） 5. 新计划的目的是让年轻人快速走上管理岗位。
Cloze XII. 1. C 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. C 6. B 7. D 8. B 9. A 10. A 11. C 12. C 13. A 14. D 15. D 16.B 17. A 18. D 19. C 20.A XIV. There has been a sad tendency among youngsters in valuing material thing s more and more. For college students, the most popular subjects that they prefer to choose are accounting, computer programming, business, etc. Wh en they graduate from colleges, the jobs they prefer to choose are sales re presentative, advertisement designing, international business, etc. Fewer and fewer people are choosing teaching or social services as their life career. Section B Reading Skills I. 1. From the title of the text we can see that this article is about what youn g people can expect in the future. 2. They are mostly dates, years and statistics. 3. There several quotes, either direct or indirect, in the text. One quote is fr om Alfred North Whitehead, and other quotes are mostly from people in the different surveys. 4. The language of this article is mostly formal. It contains some technical t erms. 5. This article is mainly informational. It contains some features typical of a piece of informational writing: many dates and statistics, some quotes, forma l language, and simple and straightforward sentence structures. Comprehension of the Text II. 1. T 2. F 3. T 4. F 5. T 6. F 7. F 8. F Vocabulary III. 1. eliminate 2. displayed 3. implicit 4. promotion 5. motivated 6. prospect 7. constructed 8. civil 9. preference 10. absence IV. 1. Correct from: in particular; synonym: especially/particularly 2. Correct from: in short; synonym: in brief 3. Correct from: are committed to; definition: promise to do (sth.)
4. Correct from: based … on; definition: use… as a basis 5. Correct from: By/In comparison; synonym: compared to 6. Correct from: at large; synonym: as a whole; in general 7. Correct from: happy with; synonym: satisfied with 8. Correct from: associated with; synonym: connected with 9. Correct from: ground to a halt; definition: gradually stop 10. Correct from: protect… from; synonym: defend… from Unit 9 Section A Vocabulary III. 1. ambitious 2. sympathize 3. tender 4. considering 5. corruption 6. scattered 7. intermediate 8. corresponding 9. equivalent 10. deceived IV. 1. to 2. around 3. to/with 4. up 5. out 6. to 7. out 8. of 9. From 10. in V. 1. J 2. M 3. F 4. L 5. A 6. O 7. G 8. D 9. I 10. C Word Building VI. After working extra hours for several months, I have repaid the money to th e bank. I didn’t enjoy the story at first, but I came to like it when I reread it. He replace the book on the shelf when he finished it. She is slowly regaining her strength after the accident. The old city center was redesigned after the war. She was asked to reconsider her decision to leave the job. After the disaster the government spent millions of dollars helping the local people to reconstruct their homes. The museum has such a fine set of old paintings that it is worth revisiting. VII. 1. dishonest 2. discouraged 3. displeased 4. discontinued 5. disappearing 6. discharged 7. disclosed 8. dislike Sentence Structure VIII. I’ve made up my mind to marry him even if my mother objects. She has problems finding a job even if she gets a Bachelor’s degree. Even if you normally have good skin, some parts of the face may become dry during the winter. The young man felt great sadness even if he did not find the words to exp ress it.’ Even if you don’t watch music programs, you’ve probably heard his songs. IX. The clearer a goal is, the easier it is to decide whether the goal is achieva
ble. The angrier I got, the less he said. The larger the city is, the greater the increase in population is. The longer they stick to their goal, the greater the chances of success are. The more expensive the restaurant is, the better the food it serves. Translation X. I am sure that I will make something of myself, even though I have not ac hieved any major success so far. I have been working hard for so many years; I feel I am entitled to a good future. When her husband deserted her, leaving her with nothing but scattered piec es of life to pick up, she went insane. From my standpoint, Mother was too hard on then, without taking my feelin gs into account. When I reached the summit of my professional career, mother’s words ―Nev er be a quitter in face of life‖ were constantly in my mind. You should know better than to play football in the street. XI. 詹姆士是个诚实的人，尽管我反对他这个人，我还是要这样说。
Cloze XII, 1. B 2. D 3. B 4. A 5. D 6. B 7. C 8. A 9. D 10. C 11. A 12. B 13. A 14. C 15. D Structured Writing XIV. Some people think that books are the main source of human knowledge, su mmaries of what people have acquired in their struggle with nature and soc iety. Moreover, with the rapid development of modern society, book knowled ge is updated from time to time. For these people, books are everything. However, book knowledge is not everything! Books can never cover all the things and happenings in the world. Book knowledge is only a recording of what has been discovered. There are many mysteries unsolved and we can find no answers from books u to now. So if one does not try to learn so mething beyond books, it will be difficult for one to cope with some practica l problems.
We should develop our ability through practice and observing the world. It i s not practical to rely on books only. Section B Reading Skills I. 1. C 2. B 3. B 4. C Comprehension of the Text II. 1. D 2. B 3. C 4. B 5. D 6. C 7. D 8. AVocabulary III. 1. scope 2. integrate 3. regarding 4. guarantee 5. disabled 6. undertake 7. excluded 8. deserves 9. rarely 10. relevant IV. He is a man who prefers action to words. The child was told time and time again not to go near the railway but he d idn’t seem to listen. John studied hard before the examination and it paid off. He made an A. In the meantime, focus your attention on something that you’re really interes ted in and never quit. With reference to the school uniform policy, there were various thoughts an d feelings among students. Would you please look at my paper and give your suggestions about it? I felt obliged to go over there to say sorry to him as I didn’t want to hurt h is feelings. It only took about 30 minutes before the high school was filled up with the survivors of the disaster. He slipped and broke his leg. As a result, he will have to be away from sc hool for two or three months. This newly invented device will help those people who tend to get themselv es injured. Unit 10 Section A Vocabulary III. 1. channels 2. rescued 3. royal 4. survival 5. crash 6. Whichever 7. punishment 8. cast 9. endured 10. surrender IV. 1. over 2. in 3. in 4. on 5. under 6. on 7. down 8. for 9. after 10. off
V. 1. O 2. H 3. M 4. J 5. K 6. G 7. C 8. A 9. F 10. E Word Building VI. 1. misreported 2. misprinted 3. misspells 4. misplaced 5. misunderstood 6. misusing/miuse 7. mistake 8. misled VII. 1. broaden 2. irresponsible 3. protective 4. characterized 5. redoubling 6. fashionable 7. unfair 8. disobeys Sentence Structure VIII. as though he were the only person who scored over 90 as though she had seen a ghost there as though he were her own son as though he were attending a party as though he knew everything IX. You should wear whichever dress suits you best for the evening party. You can settle down in whichever area you choose. Whichever (of you) comes first will receive a gift. All my books are here. You may borrow whichever you like. I have several spare rooms. Whichever you want is yours. Translation X. I remember the whole thing clearly as though it had happened yesterday. Whichever of them writes the best essay will win the prize. It turned out that the budget provided for a salary increase one year later. She did the same job day after day and year after year, but she never co mplained. She endured all kinds of hardships on the journey; nothing could keep her f rom finding her lost daughter. Don’t get mixed up with that gang. They have committed many bad things i n broad daylight. XI. 市民抢购瓶装水，就好像接下来几饮用水能会短缺似的。
他们奋战了 4 个多小时才将大火控制住，避免了危险的火势蔓延到整个小镇。
Cloze XII. 1. B 2. D 3. A 4. A 5. C 6. C 7. A 8. B 9. C 10. A 11. D 12. A 13. B 14. A 15. D Structured Writing XIV. London would not surrender. All the people of London were in the front line s. They put out endless fires from the heavy bombing. They dug quickly in cellars to rescue their friends who had been buried underneath the wreckag e. London people prepared to fight on with every possible means until the l ast Englishman died or the invaders were driven off. Section B I. 1. Denotation: move slowly on water or in the air Connotation: It has a sense of falling in a casual and aimless manner. Use d in this context, this verb stresses the shocking consequence that this inno cent-looking white dot was to cause. 2. Denotation: go down below the surface of water Connotation: gradually get into a worse state (It has a sense of helplessnes s.) 3. Denotation: make a loud noise like a thunder Connotation: This verb implies a sense of overpowering or overwhelming un der the attack of the nuclear bomb. 4. Denotation: destroy or ruin Connotation: The verb implies that life is of complete powerlessness and ins ignificance in face of such massive destruction. 5. Denotation: move slowly from side to side or backwards and forwards Connotation: The verb implies that the man was made extremely sick and weak as a result of excess exposure to burning and radiation. 6. Denotation: the soul of a dead person Connotation: It implies that the person is extremely weakened. It has a sen se of horror and misery. II. 1. F 2. T 3. T 4. F 5. T 6. F 7. F 8. F III. 1. expose 2. sectors 3. layout 4. dizzy 5. historical 6. exploded 7. heal 8. luxury 9. uneasy 10. swaying IV. 1. wanting in 2. made for 3. break off 4. gave way to 5. sank into 6. remained of 7. left his key to the door behind 8. was seized with fear 9. sank into 10 taken…in